Ni-rich mineral nepouite explains the exceptional green color of speleothems Martin Vlieghe, Gaëtan Rochez, Stéphane Pire-Stevenne, Jean-Yves Storme, Augustin Dekoninck, Yves Vanbrabant, Olivier Namur, Yishen Zhang, Alicia Van Ham-Meert, JeanPierre Donnadieu, Michel Berbigé, Jean-Luc Hasbroucq & Johan Yans Abstract:Speleothems are secondary mineral structures typically found in karstic caves and usually composed of calcite or aragonite. Despite being naturally white, some might exhibit unusual colors, such as blue, black, red, yellow or green. The causes of these exceptional colorations are poorly understood, especially for green speleothems, which are barely reported. Here we describe the occurrence of the green Ni-bearing serpentine nepouite in green aragonite and calcite speleothems, in the Aven du Marcou (Hérault, France). Nepouite is mainly found as flat lamellar crystals in the outer rim of green speleothems and crystallized alongside radially grown aragonite crystals. This supports nepouite beginning to crystallize recently, due to a change in the chemical composition of the water. Nepouite also exhibits extensive substitution between Ni, Mg and Zn. The various elements responsible for nepouite precipitation are thought to come from the weathering of pyrite crystals in the overlying rocks, which is consistent with the pH conditions of the cave and the Al-free composition of nepouite. This study explains the crystallization mechanisms and stability conditions of silicate minerals in colored caves.
- Title: November Bulletin 2023
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- Date: 4:55 PM